# yield to maturity example

The bond's maturity date. For example, if you purchased a $1,000 for $900. A bond's price is what investors are willing to pay for an existing bond. Same is the case with a fund manager holding bonds in the mutual fund portfolio. In other words, yield to maturity does not address a bond’s reinvestment risk. YTM = [ (AIP) + ((FV – CP) / (Y)) ]/ [ (FV + CP) / 2 ] Where YTM is the yield to maturity You are required to calculate post-tax yield to maturity. Unlike the current yield, the yield to maturity (YTM) measures both current income and expected capital gains or losses. The bond matures in 3 years. Yield to maturity example. In today’s investment market, there are multiple investment options and a wise investor will never invest at the same rate if a better option is available. Example: You are considering buying a corporate bond. yield to maturity definition. Further, yield to maturity is valid only when bond is held till maturity. The current market price of the bond is INR 950. This is a guide to Yield to Maturity. Similarly, at annual discount rate of 9%, PV of bond cash flows is $934.96. Plugging these numbers, we find that approximate yield to maturity is 8.72%. Based on this information, you are required to calculate the approximate yield to maturity. The method that gives us the most accurate measure of yield to maturity is Microsoft Excel YIELD function. It is one of the useful measures to evaluate a bond investment proposal. To get a better understanding of the YTM formula and how it works, let’s look at an example. The bond pays a coupon of 4% annually. above face value), coupon rate is higher than current yield which is in turn higher than the yield to maturity. The yield to maturity (YTM) is the rate of return an investor would earn on a bond that was purchased today and held until maturity. We can set-up the bond-price equation with the given data as follows: In the example above, price (of $950) is lower than the par value of $1,000. THE CERTIFICATION NAMES ARE THE TRADEMARKS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return expected on a bond if the bond is held until maturity. Yield to Maturity (YTM) Yield to Maturity (YTM) is the expected return an investor would earn if he/she holds the bond until its maturity. What are investors willing to pay on the secondary market for the remainder of this bond? Yield to maturity carries the same drawback as the internal rate of return: it assumes that the bond’s coupon payments are reinvested at the yield to maturity which is not normally the case. These figures are plugged into the formula {\displaystyle ApproxYTM= (C+ ((F-P)/n))/ (F+P)/2}. You are welcome to learn a range of topics from accounting, economics, finance and more. ), YTM is generally confused with annual rate of return which is different from YTM or else YTM can be described as discount rate at which sum of all future cash flows from bond will be equal to bond price. Example Company Z's 20-year $1,000 par bonds have a current market price of $970 and annual coupon rate of 9% paid semi-annually. Gather the information. Example of a YTM Calculation. We can use this relationship to find yield to maturity using the linear interpolation as follows: Yield to maturity can also be calculated using the following approximation formula: Where C is the annual coupon amount, F is the face value of the bond, P is the current bond price and n is the total number of years till maturity.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'xplaind_com-box-4','ezslot_6',134,'0','0'])); Alternatively, we can also use Microsoft Excel YLD function to find yield to maturity. For example, you buy a bond with a $1,000 face value and 8% coupon for $900. Example – Bond Price on Secondary Market Four years ago, a firm offered a bond with a face value of $1000, a 9% semi-annual coupon rate, and a maturity of 15 years. Another major limitation of yield to maturity is the rate of investment. Let’s take an example of a bond with a par value of INR 1,000. This example using the approximate formula would be Calculate the yield to maturity of a bond with the help of following given information: Yield to Maturity is calculated using the formula given below. At the time the bond sold for 957.35. This bond’s yield to maturity can be calculated by following the steps below. We hope you like the work that has been done, and if you have any suggestions, your feedback is highly valuable. This tells us that the yield to maturity must be higher than the coupon rate of 8%. We need to assume the bond issue date and maturity date such that the time to maturity is 10 years. The investment return of a bond is the difference between what an investor pays for a bond and what is ultimately received over the term of the bond. The major disadvantage of YTM is that it assumes investment will be held up to maturity which is practically not much correct. 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